A Complete Guide to the Anatomy of a SERP (Search Engine Results Page)

Elizabeth | August 22, 2023 | Inbound Marketing

If you've ever used the internet, you've seen a SERP. But exactly what is a SERP?

What Is a SERP?

SERPs (Search Engine Results Pages) are the pages that return a list of web pages in response to a query you enter into the search engine. You've seen them on Google, Bing, Yahoo, and even Ask Jeeves, if you've been on the internet for a while.


For the most part, we as consumers don't give SERPs a second thought. They return the answers and the web pages we're looking for — so we get on with our day. But as digital marketers, this page of results plays a huge role in everything we do.


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A Deep-Dive Into Search Engine Results Pages

Knowing how Google SERPs work is key, so we can optimize our strategies to get on the first page as much as possible. So, whether you're new to digital marketing, or are looking for some insight about ranking highly on SERPs, this blog will offer a complete breakdown of the anatomy of a Search Engine Results Page. We'll tell you what everything is, how it got there, and what that means for you as a marketer. Let's get started with a basic query anyone might type in:


Let's say you entered "what are the best kind of apples" in Google's search bar.


You'll end up with a page like this after you hit the enter button. This is your SERP.



It's a list of results a search engine has pulled together to offer you the best possible answer to your question. Let's look a little closer at this particular page because it's returned some interesting results.


The first thing you see on this SERP is the "snippet" Google has published at the very top of the page.


What is a Featured Snippet?


A featured snippet is a piece of content that a search engine pulls off of a webpage in an attempt to answer the user's query immediately.


Usually, a snippet comes from one of the first page SERP results. Let's take a closer look at this particular snippet:


This is an example of excellent SEO at work. Study Finds has done a good job of optimizing for this specific query by titling their page "Best Types Of Apples: Top 5 For Snacking And Baking, According To Experts"


Google recognizes that this page title is very similar to my query, "what are the best kind of apples" and thus returns Study Find's short, one-paragraph answer in a snippet.


This is a big win for this website. A first-page ranking and a snippet callout will drive major traffic to their site, especially for a common search query like this one.


Suggested Queries, or "People Also Ask"


Next up on the Search Engine Results Page, you'll see Google's suggested queries based on the one you just entered. If you're not seeing the answers you wanted, you can choose one of those other questions, and the dropdown will offer up a different snippet.

people ask

These "people also ask" suggested query snippets are great places to get ideas for blog posts that will rank well, and they're a wonderful place to rank. For example, The Produce Moms took advantage of the key phrase "What are the top 5 apples?"


Any consumer who didn't find enough information in the first snippet Google provided can scroll a little further down the page to find a perfect breakdown about opening a coconut.


Finally, you'll see the rest of the results on the SERP. All of the videos and the suggested web pages displayed are organic results for this query.


You might notice something odd about this SERP. Can you guess what it is?


There aren't any ads.




It's likely that "what are the best kind of apples" is just too general a search term for any company to spend money on. 


Let's look at the SERP for my query, "where to buy an apple," instead.

ap 1ap 2

This is a search query with significantly more intent. I searched "where to buy an apple", which signals to Google that I might be interested in actually buying a product. So, this SERP looks much different than the previous query.


I've only included the top part of the first page on purpose, to call out: 1) the ads, and 2) the local search results.


Search Engine Ads


We've all seen Google Ads before. It's not really a revelation, but it is important to see how ads show up in SERPs if you're considering making paid advertising a part of your outbound marketing strategy.


The ads shown on this page are all display ads — they display an image of a product, and link over to the site where you can purchase the product. Advertisers have to pay to get this placement, but Google also plays a part by selecting only the ads it thinks are most relevant to this query to display.


Why do you care?


Because this a perfect example of how search engine advertising works, and how you can do it well. Google Ads appear at the top of SERPs and display the products most relevant to the user's query.


If you want to have ads that appear first on relevant pages like this, it's important to consider the users' intent when bidding on keywords, and make sure that every phrase you bid on is relevant to what you're offering.




Local Search


The last component of SERPs I'm going to talk about today is local search. Though local search results do appear under ads, they tend to get the most clicks, no matter what.


They're specifically relevant to each unique user. When I searched "where to buy apples" Google offered me results that were close to my immediate proximity.


It's important to remember that SERPs do a lot more than just find you the best answer to your question. They also try to populate results that are specific to you personally. That means that every time someone searches "where to buy apples", the results will be different based on their specific location.


This is important for you if you have a brick-and-mortar business that encourages foot traffic.


If you do, you should make sure you've claimed your business on search engines, and work hard to boost your website's SEO so that you're ranking well for local search results like these. The more Google associates you with your location, the more you'll show up organically for relevant searches in your area. (Want to know more about local search? We got you.)


Evenbound is Here to Help With Your Digital Marketing Needs

SERPs are an integral component of any digital marketing strategy. You need to know how they work, so you can leverage them for the best traffic, whether it's from paid or organic search results. We hope this little guide gives you a bit more insight into the anatomy of a SERP. If you've still got questions, we're here to help!


Leave us a message and we'll get back to you asap. And if you're looking for more digital marketing support, just let us know. We'd love to offer any advice or guidance you need to grow your business and your brand.


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